Definitions, Laws, and Polices

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Definitions, Laws, and Polices

Student Data Privacy – Definitions, Laws, and Polices

Definitions

  • Directory Information – information contained in a student’s education record that would not generally be considered harmful or an invasion of privacy if disclosed. FERPA requires each institution to define its directory items. (see JRA/JRC)
  • Education Record – those records that contain information directly related to a student and which are maintained by an educational agency or institution or by a party acting for the agency or institution. (see JRA/JRC)
  • Personally Identifiable Information (PII) – information that can be used on its own or with other information to identify, contact, or locate a single person, or to identify an individual in context.

Laws

Board Policies

COPPA Simplified

While FERPA refers to “personally identifiable information,” COPPA refers to “personal information.” COPPA refers to the operator. Note the items in bold, which indicate when information would and would not be considered personal information under COPPA. For example, geolocation, in and of itself, is not considered personal information unless it is fine enough to identify